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Katedralja E Parisit.pdf


Katedralja E Parisit - A Literary Masterpiece by Victor Hugo




Katedralja E Parisit, or The Hunchback of Notre-Dame in English, is a historical novel by the French writer Victor Hugo, published in 1831. The novel is set in 15th century Paris and revolves around the fate of the Gothic cathedral of Notre-Dame and its inhabitants, especially the deformed bell-ringer Quasimodo, the beautiful gypsy Esmeralda, and the archdeacon Claude Frollo. The novel explores themes such as love, fate, social injustice, religion, and architecture.


The novel was a huge success in France and abroad, and inspired many adaptations in various media, such as theater, film, opera, and animation. The novel is considered one of Hugo's finest works and one of the most influential examples of the Romantic movement in literature.




Katedralja E Parisit.pdf


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The Plot of Katedralja E Parisit




The novel begins on January 6, 1482, the day of the Feast of Fools in Paris. A crowd of people gathers at the Place de Grève to watch a play written by the poet Pierre Gringoire. Among the spectators are Quasimodo, the hunchbacked bell-ringer of Notre-Dame, who was adopted by Claude Frollo, the archdeacon of the cathedral; Esmeralda, a young and beautiful gypsy dancer who attracts the attention of many men; and Phoebus de Châteaupers, the captain of the king's archers, who is engaged to Fleur-de-Lys de Gondelaurier.


The play is interrupted by the arrival of the Pope's legate, who condemns the festivities as sacrilegious. The crowd then elects Quasimodo as the Pope of Fools, mocking his ugliness. Quasimodo is humiliated and tries to return to Notre-Dame, but is stopped by Frollo, who orders him to kidnap Esmeralda. Quasimodo obeys, but is caught by Phoebus and his men. Esmeralda is rescued and thanks Phoebus with a kiss, while Quasimodo is arrested and taken to the pillory.


The next day, Quasimodo is publicly whipped and tortured for his crime. He begs for water, but no one helps him. Esmeralda, who feels pity for him, gives him a drink from her flask. Quasimodo is touched by her kindness and falls in love with her. He also sees Frollo watching them from a tower of Notre-Dame and curses him.


Meanwhile, Gringoire, who failed to impress the audience with his play, wanders around the city and ends up in the Court of Miracles, the slum where the beggars and criminals live. He is about to be hanged by them when Esmeralda saves him by agreeing to marry him for four years. However, their marriage is only in name, as Esmeralda does not love Gringoire and remains faithful to Phoebus.


Frollo, who is obsessed with Esmeralda, spies on her and follows her everywhere. He tries to seduce her with his knowledge and power, but she rejects him. He then hires an assassin named Jacques Charmolue to kill Phoebus. Frollo lures Esmeralda to a secluded place where he confesses his love for her and threatens to kill her if she does not accept him. She refuses again and calls for Phoebus. Phoebus arrives and embraces Esmeralda, but he is stabbed by Charmolue from behind. Frollo escapes while Esmeralda faints.


Esmeralda is accused of murdering Phoebus and practicing witchcraft. She is tortured and forced to confess. She is sentenced to death by hanging at the Place de Grève. Quasimodo watches her trial from Notre-Dame and decides to save her. He swings down from a rope and carries her to the cathedral, claiming sanctuary for her. He then fights off the soldiers and the mob who try to take her back.


Esmeralda stays in Notre-Dame under Quasimodo's protection. He treats her with kindness and devotion, but she does not love him romantically. She still hopes that Phoebus is alive and will come for her. She also befriends a little goat named Djali, who performs tricks with her.


One night, Frollo learns that the king has ordered to remove the sanctuary of Notre-Dame and arrest Esmeralda. He tries to convince her to run away with him, but she refuses. He then tells her that Phoebus is dead and shows her his body lying on a bed. Esmeralda is heartbroken and agrees to go with Frollo. However, she soon realizes that Phoebus is not dead, but only wounded, and that Frollo tricked her. She screams and pushes Frollo away. Phoebus wakes up and sees Esmeralda, but he does not recognize her and calls for Fleur-de-Lys, his fiancée. Esmeralda is devastated and runs away.


She is captured by the soldiers and taken to the Place de Grève to be hanged. Quasimodo tries to save her again, but he is too late. He sees Frollo laughing on a balcony of Notre-Dame and throws him down to his death. He then takes Esmeralda's body and hides in a crypt under the cathedral, where he mourns for her until he dies of starvation. Years later, their skeletons are found intertwined and are buried together.


The Themes of Katedralja E Parisit




Katedralja E Parisit is a novel that explores various themes, such as:



  • Love: The novel depicts different forms of love, such as romantic love, platonic love, parental love, and unrequited love. The main characters all love someone who does not love them back or who loves someone else. For example, Quasimodo loves Esmeralda, who loves Phoebus, who loves Fleur-de-Lys; Frollo loves Esmeralda, who hates him; Gringoire loves poetry, but not his wife; etc. The novel also shows how love can be a source of joy or sorrow, depending on how it is expressed and received.



  • Fate: The novel suggests that fate plays a major role in the lives of the characters and that human actions have little influence on their destiny. The novel is full of coincidences, prophecies, curses, and omens that foreshadow the tragic outcome of the story. For example, Quasimodo is born on the same day as the Feast of Fools, which marks him as an outcast; Esmeralda wears a necklace with an amulet that contains her real name and origin, which leads to her discovery by her mother; Frollo reads a book that predicts the end of the world by fire, which inspires him to burn Paris; etc.



  • Social injustice: The novel portrays the harsh realities of 15th century Paris, where the poor and the marginalized are oppressed by the rich and the powerful. The novel criticizes the corruption of the church, the cruelty of the justice system, the violence of the military, and the ignorance of the people. The novel also sympathizes with the outcasts, such as Quasimodo, Esmeralda, Gringoire, and the beggars, who are discriminated against because of their appearance, origin, or profession.



  • Religion: The novel explores the role of religion in society and in individual lives. The novel contrasts the true faith of Quasimodo and Esmeralda, who show compassion and generosity to others, with the false piety of Frollo and the clergy, who abuse their power and manipulate others. The novel also questions the validity of religious dogmas and rituals, such as sanctuary, exorcism, witchcraft, etc.



  • Architecture: The novel is a tribute to the Gothic architecture of Notre-Dame and other medieval buildings in Paris. The novel describes in detail the structure, history, symbolism, and beauty of Notre-Dame and its surroundings. The novel also compares the architecture of Notre-Dame with the architecture of other eras, such as the classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome or the modern architecture of printing and books. The novel suggests that architecture is a form of art that reflects the spirit of its time and its people.




The Sources of Katedralja E Parisit




Katedralja E Parisit is based on various sources that inspired Victor Hugo to write his novel. Some of these sources are:



  • Historical sources: Hugo used historical documents and chronicles to recreate the atmosphere and events of 15th century Paris. He also consulted experts on medieval history and visited historical sites in Paris. Some of the historical sources that Hugo used are: the chronicles of Jean de Troyes, the memoirs of Philippe de Commines, the poems of François Villon, the letters of Agnès Sorel, etc.



  • Literary sources: Hugo was influenced by various literary works that dealt with similar themes or characters as his novel. Some of the literary sources that Hugo used are: the plays of William Shakespeare, especially Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, and King Lear; the novels of Walter Scott, especially Ivanhoe and The Bride of Lammermoor; the poems of Dante Alighieri, especially The Divine Comedy; the legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table; the fairy tales of Charles Perrault, especially Beauty and the Beast; etc.



  • Personal sources: Hugo drew inspiration from his own life and experiences to write his novel. Some of the personal sources that Hugo used are: his love for his wife Adèle Foucher, who was his childhood sweetheart; his admiration for his father Léopold Hugo, who was a general in Napoleon's army; his friendship with Alexandre Dumas, who was a fellow writer and collaborator; his involvement in politics and social causes, such as abolitionism, republicanism, and human rights; his passion for art and culture, especially music, painting, and sculpture; etc.




The Impact of Katedralja E Parisit




Katedralja E Parisit had a significant impact on literature, culture, and society. Some of the effects of the novel are:



Literary impact: The novel established Hugo as one of the leading figures of the Romantic movement in France and Europe. The novel influenced many writers who admired Hugo's style, imagination, and vision. The novel also inspired many adaptations in various media, such as theater, film, opera, and animation. Some of the most famous adaptations are: the 1923 silent film starring


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